The major objective of this course is to acquire a comprehensive understanding of theories and practical issues on educational development and international cooperation for it. The course is divided into two parts. The first part is to review major theories and dimensions of educational development as an area contributing to the comprehensive national development, economically, socially, or culturally. This part also focuses on the cooperation/aid by the outside actors, mostly multi- and bi-lateral donor organizations in relation to the historical changes of international cooperation for education from the 1960s up to the present. Normative trends of educational assistance, oft-used modalities of aid, and challenges of aid will be discussed. The last part of the course will touch upon issues regarding different aspects of formal education, such as quality of teaching and learning, administration, finance, and decentralization.
Part 1: Theories of educational development and context of international cooperation
Session 1 Theories of educational development:
- From modernization to Basic Human Needs and Self-help
Session 2 Policy Analysis – What can you see in the policy documents?
- Dimensions of educational development
- Education for economic growth and employment
- Education, political mobilization and development
- Education, modernization and quality of life
- Education as a human right
Session 3 Policy Analysis (2) – How is the policy translated to practices?
- Analysis of the budget
- Operational programs
Session 4 International cooperation on education in the global context (1): Norms
- Education in Sustainable Development Goals
- Global Partnership for Education and other global initiatives
- What have been achieved and what haven’t?
Session 5 International cooperation on education in the global context (2): Actors and aid modalities
- Aid coordination and modalities
- Paris Declaration and aid coordination
- South-South Cooperation, Triangular cooperation
- Emerging donors
Session 6 Methodologies of educational research (1): Qualitative methods
- Qualitative and quantitative methodologies
- Interview (structured and open-ended), life history, action research, ethnography
- Questionnaire, statistical meta analysis
- Objectives of different research methods and their strengths and limitations
Session 7 - 8 Methodologies of educational research (2): Quantitative methods
- Statistical tools for educational research
- The class will meet in the computer lab (Rm. 709) and try out a simple questionnaire analysis (two consecutive sessions between period 1 and 2)
Part 2: Policy Issues on educational development
Session 9 Quality of Education (1): Outcomes
- Assessing educational outcomes
How much did students learn?
In comparison to other countries
Across different regions of the country
In which areas educational outcomes are satisfactory/ unsatisfactory?
Session 11 Skills for problem solving
- How can we assess the capacity of learners to solve problems?
- 21st century skills, soft skills
- Occupation standard
Session 12 Quality of Education (2): Teachers and Curriculum
- Teacher education
- Curriculum evaluation
Session 13 Quality of Education (3): Learning Environment
- Multi-grade and double-shift education and their relation to the quality of education
- School environment
- Teaching-learning process in the classroom
- Inclusive education, equity
Session 14 Decentralization
- Financial, administrative, and political decentralization
- Deconcentration, Delegation, devolution
Session 15 Education and Society
- Socio-economic background
- Language of instruction
- Cultural influence
- School-community relationship