The aim of this course is to enable students to understand and evaluate theories and practices of participatory rural development, particularly aspects of rural industry promotion. By the end of this course student will
(1) Have a critical understanding of the major and minor strands in debates on participatory rural industry promotion.
(2) Be able to critically assess cases of participatory development in rural communities.
(3) Be able to apply theoretical and practical lessons of effective interventions using participatory methods.
The course provides a critical understanding of participatory rural industry promotion, both theory and practice. The course is divided into three parts. The first part provides a general theoretical grounding and traces developments in the theoretical understanding of participatory and rural development. It then moves onto some of the main issues and current debates pertaining to rural development, with specific reference to industry promotion. Finally, it examines concrete case studies.
Students are expected to read the key text for each week specified in the reading list, which will be provided in the first lecture.
Session 1. Introduction
Session 2. and 3. What is "rural" and what is "development" in the context of participatory rural industry promotion?: meaning, place and vision
Session 4. From top-down to bottom-up: Different interpretations of "participation"
Session 5. Discussion session: Is participation an effective tool for poverty eduction?
Session 6. Critique of participation and responses: avoiding pitfalls
Session 7. What do we mean by industry promotion in a rural context?: scope and type of industry promotion
Session 8. Conducive policy environment for rural industry promotion
Session 9. and 10. Cash crops and market access: Does "entrepreneurial spirit" matter?
Session 11. Discussion session: How does the participatory model relate to rural industrypromotion?
Session 12. Local consumption vs. global market: A case of fair trade
Session 13. The case of Minamata and Jimoto-gaku ("locality study")
Session 14. Discussion session: Role of outsiders - Lessons from the case studies
Session 15. Wrap-up of the course
Some of the subjects may be changed according to the interests of students.
1. Ashley, C. and Maxwell, S. (2001) "Rethinking Rural Development", Development Policy Review, Vol.19 No.4, pp.395-425
2. Chambers, R. (1983) Rural Development: Putting the last First (Harlow: Addison Wesley Longman)
3. Hickey, S. and Mohan, G. (eds.) (2004) Participation: From Tyranny to Transformation? (London: Zed Books)
The course assessment is based on both participation in class discussion (45%) as well as written assignments (55%).
The classes will be conducted mainly in English. Some reading materials will be in Japanese.